A breakdown of the Atlantic Charter and its impact on the efforts to decolonization of Africa

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By Obedgiu Samuel

#UgandaNews #Opinion #Africa #History

I am not really underrating the efforts of our founding fathers, the likes of the late Julius Nyerere, Kwame Nkrumah, Nelson Mandela, etc in regards to the fight against the colonial impurities and for the independence of Africa.

But basing on my facts findings, I bring and defend a debate that the Africans did not get independence because they fought so hard!
Basing on the available literature I say “NO”. Why?
With the signing of a document called ” The Atlantic charter” in 1941 between Roosevelt and Prime minister Churchill, the geopolitical realities for the continued existence of colonies overseas changed.

Countries like Britain, France, etc with the pressure they were getting from Germany under the leadership of Gen. Adolf Hitler as world war II peaked, had no choice but to sign the charter because they wanted support from America to inform for money and weapons to facilitate the war against Gen. Adolf Hitler.

Be informed that the trade policy in the colonial era, was that “colonies only traded with colonies” eg in East Africa, Uganda could only trade with Kenya because they were both British Colony, but couldn’t trade with Tanganyika (Tanzania) since it was a German colony.

So it was not in America’s interest for Britain and France to continue having overseas colonies. Because this technical economic setup completely locked the United States from trading in certain markets which were of mutual interests and benefits. So the United States took advantage of world war II and the desperate conditions of countries like France and Britain who were involved in the war, to benefit big from it.

As a precondition which was a composition of the Atlantic Charter, for the United States to join the war on the side of Britain, Britain, and France was to accept to decolonize Africa.


This is why it was almost a walkover for most African countries to independence, otherwise, the colonial masters could have stayed a little longer.


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